PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Correspondence of Psychiatric, Keirsey, and Enneagram Typologies Histrionic Type

Vigilant personality type (continued)

Fyodor Dostoevsky

  • "At that point I ought to have gone away, but a strange sensation rose up in me, a sort of defiance of fate, a desire to challenge it, to put out my tongue at it. I laid down the largest stake allowed--four thousand gulden--and lost it. Then, getting hot, I pulled out all I had left, staked it on the same number, and lost again, after which I walked away from the table as though I were stunned. I could not even grasp what had happened to me."

    --Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Gambler

    Dostoevsky is one of the famous examples of a "pathological gambler." In this long research article the personality type which I believe to be Dostoevsky's is listed as one of the causes of "NESTs" [Negative states] in "PG" [Pathological gambling].

    Pathological Gambling: A Negative State Model and Its Implications for Behavioral Treatments

    The most frequent causes of NESTs in PG are deficits in awareness of negative emotions (alexithymia); deficits in social skills and social phobia; deficits in problem-solving skills (particularly with regard to interpersonal conflicts); deficits in coping skills regarding losses (interpersonal as well as monetary); and low self-esteem combined with high interpersonal vulnerability and pseudo-assertiveness (narcissistic personality). These variables appear to contribute to the high degree of vulnerability of pathological gamblers in gambling situations, resulting in a vicious circle phenomenon, in which the very behavior that gives short-term relief also causes a medium-term increase of the NEST (Fig 8).

  • Dostoevsky -- Life and Art - A Brief Critical Biography by V. F. Pereverzev.

Dostoevsky's Notes From Underground

Reel People: Cinema's Psychological Personalities

Captain Queeg

From The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial by Herman Wouk

Dr. Lundeen, my background is legal, not medical. I hope you'll bear with me if I try to clarify technical terms.
Of course, of course.
I'll probably ask some elementary questions.
LUNDEEN (with an expansive smile).
That's perfectly all right.
Would you say that Commander Queeg is absolutely normal?
Well, normality, you know, is a fiction in psychiatry. No adult is without problems except a happy imbecile.
Describe Commander Queeg's problems.
Well, you might say the over-all problem is one of inferiority feelings generated by an unfavorable childhood and aggravated by certain adult experiences.
Unfavorable childhood in what way?
Disturbed background. Divorced parents, financial trouble, schooling problems.
And the aggravating factors in adult life?
LUNDEEN (hesitant).
In general, the commander is rather troubled by his short stature, his low standing in his class, and such factors. But the commander is well adjusted to all these things.
Can you describe the nature of the adjustment?
Yes, I can. His identity as a naval officer is the essential balancing factor. It's the key to his personal security. Therefore he has a fixed anxiety about protecting his standing. That would account for the harshness and ill temper.
Would he be disinclined to admit to mistakes?
Yes. Of course there's nothing unbalanced in that.
Would he be a perfectionist?
Such a personality would be.
Suspicious of his subordinates? Inclined to hound them about small details?
Any mistake of a subordinate is intolerable because it might endanger him.
Yet he will not admit mistakes when he makes them himself.
You might say he revises reality in his own mind so that he comes out blameless.
Doctor, isn't distorting reality a symptom of mental illness?
It's a question of degree. None of us wholly faces reality.
But doesn't the commander distort reality more than, say, you do?
That's his weakness. Other people have other weaknesses. It's definitely not disabling.
If criticized from above, would he be inclined to think he was being unjustly persecuted?
It's all one pattern, all stemming from one basic premise, that he must try to be perfect.
Would he be inclined to stubbornness?
Well, you'll have a certain rigidity of personality in such an individual. The inner insecurity checks him from admitting that those who differ with him may be right.
GREENWALD (suddenly switching from the fumbling manner to clicking preciseness).
Doctor, you've testified that the following symptoms exist in the commander's behavior: rigidity of personality, feelings of persecution, unreasonable suspicion, withdrawal from reality, perfectionist anxiety, an unreal basic premise, and an obsessive sense of self-righteousness.
LUNDEEN (looking startled, then appreciably amused).
All mild, sir, all well compensated.
Yes, Doctor. Is there an inclusive psychiatric term--one label--for this syndrome?
Syndrome? Who said anything about a syndrome? You're misusing a term. There's no syndrome, because there's no disease.
Thank you for the correction, Doctor. I'll rephrase it. Do the symptoms fall into a single pattern of neurotic disturbance--a common psychiatric class?
I know what you're driving at, of course. It's a paranoid personality, but that is not a disabling affliction.
What kind of personality, Doctor?
Paranoid, Doctor?
Yes, paranoid.

(GREENWALD glances at CHALLEE, then looks around slowly one by one at the faces of the Court Members. He starts back to his desk CHALLEE rises. GREENWALD shakes his head at CHALLEE, who sits, annoyed. A moment of silence. GREENWALD shuffles papers at his desk.)

Doctor, in a paranoid personality like Commander Queeg's--well, let me put this hypothetically. Could a man have a paranoid personality which would not disable him for any subordinate duties, but would disable him for command?
LUNDEEN (rather irritated).
It's conceivable.
Is the disabling factor likely to show up in personal interviews?
With a skilled psychiatrist, yes.
Why is a psychiatrist needed, Doctor? Can an educated intelligent person, like myself, or the judge advocate, or the court, detect a paranoid?
LUNDEEN (sarcastically).
You evidently are not too well acquainted with the pattern. The distinguishing mark of this neurosis is extreme plausibility and a most convincing normal manner on the surface. Particularly in self-justification.
Thank you Doctor. No more questions.

Wouk, Herman. The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial. In A Second Book of Plays. Crosby E. Redman. New York : Macmillan, 1964.


Jessica Lange



James Carville

Vladimir Lenin

  • Vladimir Ilich Lenin Home Page
  • QUESTION: Lenin and repressing intellectuals - Arch Getty 13:23:36 4/17/99

    How does Lenin justify repression of intellectuals in his letter to Gorky? Is there anything convincing to you about his argument?

    Re: QUESTION: Lenin and repressing intellectuals - william shin 18:59:28 6/11/99

    Lenin writes that he jails the intellectuals to prevent conspiracies and to save the lives of thousands of workers and peasants. He believes the intelligentsia is in cohoots with his enemies which makes the intelligentsia his enemy. Lenin in his exaggerations comes across as paranoid and maybe rightly so, since knowledge can be a dangerous thing. He wants to always be in control and to control the intellectuals he puts them in jail.

  • Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where It Comes From

    Interview: Author Daniel Pipes on his new book, "Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where It Comes From," and his life; 01/25/98 Booknotes - C-SPAN

    Take Lenin. He believed in a business conspiracy, a conspiracy of business interests to dominate the world, to extract, steal goods at--at--at cheaper--or for free, for the same reason: Because he believed in conspiracy, he himself organized a conspiracy, the Social Democratic Party in Russia, which, in fact, took over Russian government and was a--an attempt to take over the world.

    So over and over again, I find that the--the conspiracy theorist becomes, himself, a conspirator. And that in most cases, the real conspiracy, the one that actually takes place, follows from the actions, the mind of a conspiracy theorist. So there's a--a circle. And so my policy conclusion from this is when you hear a conspiracy theory being alleged, watch out for the conspiracy.

  • The Essential Tales of Chekhov - Ward No. 6 [101k]

    • V.S. Pritchett on Ward 6

      The story, Ward 6, is one of the most intense, powerful and claustrophobic he ever wrote. He was eight months writing it and it runs to fifty pages. When Lenin read it in his youth he said it had made him a revolutionary: for ourselves it may seem to foretell Solzhenitsyn�s Cancer Ward.
  • lenin

    The popular myth that the Bolsheviks hijacked the revolution during the last minute suggests that the Bolsheviks provided little leadership and that it was mainly due to other causes. This view fails to acknowledge the fact that "revolutions were often made by active minorities who tap groundswells of discontent."

    This paper proposes to examine the nature of the 1917 Revolutions, specifically the events leading to the October coup. First, the paper will look briefly at the events behind the February abdication. Second, it examines the relative weakness of the other parties and the Provisional Government. Next, Lenin's ideologies are shown to be the key in winning the support of masses. It then shows that the Bolsheviks polished up their skills in attempting coup both in July and finally in October. Finally, by looking at the actions taken by the Bolsheviks when they came into power, the paper will come to an adequate conclusion.

    • The Life, times & confessions of Victor Serge - the Bolsheviks pet anarchist

      The mere existence of a secret police is a rapid insight into the nature of the Party's politics at the time. From 1918 onwards the leadership, from Lenin downwards, had become increasingly more paranoid and saw plots and treachery everywhere. The Cheka were formed to counteract this but as Serge writes he believed it "was one of the gravest and most impermissible errors that the Bolshevik leaders committed in 1918."[12] He claimed that revolutionary tribunals, letting in defensive evidence and functioning in the clear light of day rather than the cloak of the night, would have functioned efficiently with "far less abuse and depravity."[13]


Scorpio is very discriminating in choosing his friends, and once he has offered his friendship he feels entitled to criticize any weaknesses or failures. If a friend resents this, Scorpio is invariably surprised. Friends will be chosen for their usefulness, for the performance of various services. Scorpio will give a great deal to a friend at the beginning as a kind of insurance against the day he expects a return.

Because Scorpios are easily aroused to anger, which subsides very slowly, they are dangerous enemies. They are troublemakers, and if you do not do their bidding, they will ride roughshod over you. They demand constant attention and complete loyalty. Scorpios will find many ways to keep your attention riveted on them alone, until you are exhausted and drained. They are the vampires of the zodiac. They feed on people and transform this sponged-up energy into success and power at the expense of their victims. They are magicians.

Maria Elise Crummere, Sun-sign Revelations.

Crummere, Maria Elise. (1974). Sun-sign revelations; an unusual, practical, revealing, unflattering, lighthearted astrological guide to the perverse personalities of our friends, our enemies, our lovers, and ourselves. New York: Viking Press.

The personal security handbook

AUTHOR McNab, Chris.
TITLE The personal security handbook / Chris McNab and Joanna Rabiger. [Google Directory]
EDITION 1st Lyon Press ed.
PUB.INFO. Guilford, CT : Lyons Press, 2003.
PHYS.DESC. 192 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
STANDARD# 1585748315.
NOTE Includes index.
SUBJECT Safety education. [Google Directory]
SUBJECT Crime prevention -- United States. [Google Directory]
SUBJECT Dwellings -- Security measures. [Google Directory]
SUBJECT First aid in illness and injury. [Google Directory]
SUBJECT Accidents -- Prevention. [Google Directory]
SUBJECT Home accidents -- Prevention. [Google directory]
ALT.AUTHOR Rabiger, Joanna.


Adopted ethic - Stoicism

Founder of Christian Science: Mary Baker Eddy




Book Review



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