PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes Main Interests of the Personality Types Leisurely

Solitary Personality Type

The interests of the Solitary Personality Type include (Oldham, pg. 275):

  • not needing anyone but yourself
  • being unmoved by the crowd
  • being free of the need to impress and please
  • being free of emotions and involvements with others
  • having clarity of vision rather than sentiment and intimacy
  • discovering and recording the facts of existence

Main Interests of the Solitary Personality Type

  1. finding solitude; being alone

  2. remaining independent; maintaining autonomy; being self-contained

  3. being dispassionate

  4. being indifferent to pleasure and pain

  5. remaining sexually composed; avoiding attachment to anyone

  6. being uninfluenced by praise or criticism

Characteristic Traits and Behaviors

Dr. John M. Oldham has defined the Solitary personality style. The following six characteristic traits and behaviors are listed in his The New Personality Self-Portrait.

  1. Solitude. Individuals with the Solitary personality style have small need of companionship and are most comfortable alone.

  2. Independence. They are self-contained and do not require interaction with others in order to enjoy their experiences or to get on in life.

  3. Sangfroid. Solitary men and women are even-tempered, calm, dispassionate, unsentimental, and unflappable.

  4. Stoicism. They display an apparent indifference to pain and pleasure.

  5. Sexual composure. They are not driven by sexual needs. They enjoy sex but will not suffer in its absence.

  6. Feet on the ground. They are unswayed by either praise or criticism and can confidently come to terms with their own behavior.

John M. Oldham, and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love, and Act the Way You Do. Rev. ed. New York: Bantam.

Interests by Domain


Being self-contained.


Being dispassionate.


Being self-controlled.


Working alone.


Avoiding relationships.

Real World

Protecting Privacy.


1. Solitary: "1. Existing, living, or going without others; alone ... 3. Remote from civilization; secluded; lonely. 4. Having no companions; lonesome; lonely." (AHD)

Synonyms: "alone, lonely, lonesome, lone, forlorn, lorn, desolate" (MW, 755)

"Alone, solitary, lonely, lonesome, lone, lorn, forlorn, desolate may all refer to situations of being apart from others or emotions experienced while apart. Alone stresses the fact of physical isolation and also may connote feelings of isolation from others ... Solitary may indicate a state of being apart that is desired and sought for ... It often connotes sadness at the loss or lack of usual or close connections or consciousness of isolation or remoteness ... Lonely may simply indicate the fact of being alone but more often suggests isolation accompanied by a longing for company ... Lonesome, often more poignant, suggests sadness after a separation or bereavement ... Lone especially in poetical use may replace either lonely or lonesome ... Lorn suggests recent separation or bereavement ... Forlorn indicates dejection , woe, and listlessness at separation from someone dear ... Desolate is most extreme in suggesting inconsolable grief at loss or bereavement ...

"Solitary, lonely, lonesome, desolate are applied to places and locations more than the other words discriminated above. Solitary may be applied to something that is either apart from things similar or that is uninhabited or unvisited by human beings ... Lonely may be applied to what is either far apart from things similar and seldom visited or to what is inhabited by only one person or group and conducive to loneliness ... Lonesome has much the same suggestion ... Desolate indicates either that a place is abandoned by people or that it is as barren and wild as never to have attracted them ... " (36-37)

Analogous: "isolated, secluded, retired, withdrawn: forsaken, deserted, abandoned" (755)



2. Solitary: "Single; sole." (AHD)

Synonyms: "single, sole, unique, lone, separate, particular" (MW, 755)

""Single, sole, unique, lone, solitary, separate, particular can all mean one as distinguished from two or more or all others. Something single is not accompanied or supported by, or combined or united with, another ... Something sole is the only one that exists, that acts, that has power or relevance, or that is to be or should be considered ... Something unique ... may be the only one of its kind in existence ... or it may stand alone because of its unusual character ... Something lone ... is not only single but also separated or isolated from others of its kind; the word often replaces single in technical or poetic context ... Something solitary ... stands by itself, either as the sole instance or as a unique thing ... Something separate is not only single, but disconnected from or unconnected with any of the others in question ... Something particular ... is the single or numerically distinct instance, member, or example or the whole or the class considered or under consideration ... " (740-41)

Analogous: "alone, only" (755)



The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1981, c.1969). William Morris, Ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Merriam-Webster (1984). Webster's New Dictionary of Synonyms: A Dictionary of Discriminated Synonyms with Antonyms and Analogous and Contrasted Words. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Noteworthy Examples of the Solitary personality type

Noteworthy examples of the Solitary personality type are:

Index of noteworthy examples

Isaac Asimov, Jacob Bronowski | Charles Darwin | Bobby Fischer | Professor Burris/T.E. Frazier | Sigmund Freud | Bill Gates | Stephen Hawking | Alfred Hitchcock | Theodore Kaczynski | Doris Lessing | James Madison | Karl Marx | Claudio Naranjo | Isaac Newton | Cynthia Ozick | Ezra Pound | B. F. Skinner | James Watson | Simone Weil

The Solitary Personality Type is derrived from Schizoid Personality Disorder.



Summary - Personality Disorders
Copyright © 2012 Dave Kelly

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PTypes Personality Types by Dave Kelly is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. (See Copyrights for details.)