PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes Idols of the Types Personality Disorders

Schizoid Strategy

"Even when we deeply value ourselves, the anxiety built into finitude will tempt us to find our source of security in some strategy rather than a trust in God" (Cooper, pg. 163). Compulsive attachments and aversions generate a strategy, the actual self, and, motivated by pride, an idealized image, conditions of worth, and beliefs and attitudes. See Idols of the Types.

Remember that this is just a type and that you are not a type.


1. Isolation

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • solitude
  • isolation
  • being alone
  • solitary pursuits
  • carrying out solo activities
  • keeping one's distance
  • privacy
  • leisure
  • intimacy
  • other people (because they are intrusive)
  • closeness
  • close relationships
  • being encumbered by employment
  • actions by others that represent encroachment
  • close encounters
Strategy: Isolation; "almost always chooses solitary activities." 1

Actual self: isolated

Idealized image: Solitary

"Individuals with the Solitary personality style have small need of companionship and are most comfortable alone." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • solitariness
  • silence
  • contemplativeness
  • recollection

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • I enjoy doing things more by myself than with other people. 3
  • In many situations, I am better off to be left alone.
  • My privacy is much more important to me than closeness to people.
  • It's better to be alone than to feel "stuck" with other people.
  • Life is less complicated without other people.
  • It is better for me to keep my distance and maintain a low profile.
  • I am a social misfit.


2. Self-sufficiency

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • autonomy
  • self-sufficiency
  • mobility
  • independence
  • making decisions by oneself
  • not getting involved
  • freedom of action
  • knowledge
  • competency
  • being involved in a group
  • close relationships
  • being encumbered by other people
  • having to share decision making
  • social responsibilities
Strategy: Self-sufficiency; "lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives;" neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family." 1

Actual self: self-sufficient

Idealized image: Independent

"They are self-contained and do not require interaction with others in order to enjoy their experiences or to get on in life." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • independence
  • detachment
  • self-sufficiency
  • self-containment
  • autonomous competency

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • It is important for me to be free and independent of others. 3
  • I can manage things on my own without anybody's help.
  • I shouldn't confide in others.
  • I can use other people for my own purposes as long as I don't get involved.
  • Relationships are messy and interfere with freedom.
  • Relationships are problematic.


2. Detachment

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • detachment (freedom from emotions)
  • dispassion
  • experiencing strong emotions
  • showing feelings
  • sharing emotions
Strategy: Detachment; "shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity." 1

Actual self: detached

Idealized image: Dispassionate

"Solitary men and women are even-tempered, calm, dispassionate, unsentimental, and unflappable." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • sangfroid
  • even-temperedness
  • calmness
  • dispassion
  • imperturbability
  • observation
  • concentration
  • clarity of vision

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • I am empty inside. 3
  • Life is bland and unfulfilling.


4. Self-control

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • stoicism
  • asceticism
  • self-control
  • pleasurable activities
Strategy: Self-control; "takes pleasure in few, if any, activities." 1

Actual self: self-controlled

Idealized image: Stoic

"They display an apparent indifference to pain and pleasure." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • stoicism
  • indifference
  • self-control
  • self-mastery

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • It's best to avoid pleasurable activities. 4


5. Autoeroticism

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • sexual pleasure
  • sexual experiences with others
Strategy: Autoeroticism; "has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person." 1

Actual self: autoerotic

Idealized image: Continent

"They are not driven by sexual needs. They enjoy sex but will not suffer in its absence." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • continence
  • sexual composure
  • not passionately sexual

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • Intimate relations with other people are not important to me. 3


6. Indifference

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive Aversions

  • indifference to others' opinions
  • influence of others
Strategy: Indifference; "appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others." 1

Actual self: indifferent

Idealized image: Feet on the ground

"They are unswayed by either praise or criticism and can confidently come to terms with their own behavior." 2

Conditions of worth:

  • sensibility
  • realism
  • practicality

Beliefs and Attitudes:

  • It doesn't matter what other people think of me. 3
  • I am not influenced by others in what I decide to do.
  • I set my own standards and goals for myself.
  • What other people think doesn't matter to me.

The Resignation Solution

Idols of the Types

1. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV. 4th ed. Washington: Author.

2. John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1990). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love, and Act the Way You Do. Rev. ed. New York: Bantam.

3. Aaron T. Beck and Arthur M. Freeman and Associates (1990). Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders. New York : Guilford Press.

4. Mine.

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Copyright 1998-2006 Dave Kelly

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