PTypes Personality Types
PTypes Main Interests of the Personality Types Solitary Type

Inventive Personality Type

The interests of the Inventive Personality Type include (Donaldson, pg. x):

  • attracting the attention and admiration of others
  • pleasing others, especially wealthy and prominent people
  • proving your worth by exercising your charm
  • gaining social security
  • being approved of by the opposite sex, which means being loved and adored
  • attaining social superiority, or status
  • gaining social recognition and prestige

Main Interests of the Inventive Personality Type

  1. being a superior individual of high worth

  2. being socially recognized with high status and prestige

  3. out-achieving others

  4. gaining honors, fame, and glory

  5. being approved of and praised by others

  6. being highly esteemed

  7. attaining greatness, perfection, genius, or stardom

  8. having a highly valued spouse; being affirmed and confirmed in relationships

  9. being your idealized self

  10. being successful and having others admire you

  11. avoiding criticism and slights

  12. having the attention and admiration of others

  13. fulfilling your great expectations

  14. being highly esteemed

  15. avoiding being shamed or humiliated

Characteristic Traits and Behaviors

The basic trait of the Inventive personality type is the seeking of social status through achievements of the intellect and imagination. The following ten traits and characteristics are typical.

  1. Status. Individuals of the Inventive personality type are highly competitive in pursuit of success and prestige. They want very much to be outstanding in some way (Riso, 103), to gain recognition, even fame and glory.

  2. Idealized self-image. They develop highly idealized images of themselves with which they identify and which they love. The person is his idealized self and seems to adore it (Glad, 494).

  3. Subdued demeanor. Persons of the Inventive type are energetic, but phlegmatic in temperament. "They can be quiet, rather private, subdued in demeanor, and have artistic interests and aesthetic sensibilities (Riso, 102)."

  4. Attention. Individuals of the Inventive type have a tendency to behave in such a way as to attract attention. "They can be subtle show-offs, but show-offs nonetheless (Riso, 103)."

  5. Openness to culture. The Inventive person has unusual thought processes, values intellectual matters, and judges in unconventional terms. He or she is aesthetically reactive and has a wide range of interests (McCrae and John).

  6. Intelligence. "Intelligence will typically be emphasized in their self-images and social dealings." They put great stock in their ideas and demand that others do likewise (Riso, 103).

  7. Competence. The faith of those of the Inventive type is "in their ability to improvise something, and they display an unusual talent for rising to the expediency of a situation (Keirsey, 184)." Their focus is on competent excellence in performance.

  8. Innovation. The Inventive type maintains an independent view and is "the most reluctant of all the types to do things in a particular manner just because that is the way things always have been done (Keirsey, 183)." They are inventors and innovators.

  9. Cleverness. They are mentally bright and quick-witted. For those of the Inventive type "to be taken in, to be manipulated by another, is humiliating; this offends their joy in being masters of the art of oneupmanship (Keirsey, 185)."

  10. Self-consciousness Persons of the Inventive type look to others for approval (Reich, 47). They are very conscious of how others treat them (Riso, 103) and highly sensitive to criticism (Oldham, 89) and negative evaluation.


Glad, Betty. Jimmy Carter: in search of the great White House. New York: Norton, 1980.

Keirsey, David, and Marilyn Bates. Please Understand Me: Character and Temperament Types. 3rd ed. Del Mar: Prometheus Nemesis, 1978.

McCrae, R. R. and O. P. John. An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications. Journal of Personality 60: 175, 1992.

Oldham, John M., and Lois B. Morris. The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love, and Act the Way You Do. Rev. ed. New York: Bantam, 1995.

Reich, Annie. Pathological forms of self-esteem regulation. In Morrison, A. P., (Ed.), Essential Papers on Narcissism. pp. 44-60, 1986.

Riso, Don Richard. Personality Types: Using the Enneagram for Self-discovery. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.


1. Inventive: "Adept or skillful at inventing; creative; ingenious." (AHD)

1. Invent: "To fabricate; to make up." (AHD)

Synonyms: "contrive, devise, frame, concoct" (MW, 464)

"contrive, devise, invent, frame, concoct mean to find a way of making or doing something or of achieving an end by the exercise of one's mind. Contrive implies ingenuity or cleverness in planning, designing, or in scheming; it is a matter of indifference whether the end object is good or bad, since the word stresses the manner of making, doing, or achieving rather than the character of the end ... Devise often comes very close to contrive, but in general it throws more stress upon mental effort than upon ingenuity; the term often implies the serious reflection and experimentation that precedes the bringing of something into being, especially something new or quite different ... Invent, though often used interchangeably with devise, commonly retains from its primitive senses some notion of finding, by but the term comes closer in its implication to originating, especially after thought and reflection, but sometimes more quickly, as the result of a happy accident ... Frame ... implies the exact fitting of one thing to another (as in devising or inventing a story, a theory, or a rule); usually the term suggests an exact fitting (as the words to the thought, or of the plot, character, and actions to the story as a whole, or of the expression to the spirit, or of the means to the end) ... Concoct especially suggests a bringing together of ingredients in new or unexpected combinations, arrangements, or order so as to enhance their effectiveness (as in writing, in imagining, or in fashioning) ... " (MW, 188)

Analogous: "fabricate, fashion, form, shape, forge, make: imagine, conceive, envision, ... : design, project, plan, plot, scheme ... : produce, turn out ... " (MW, 464-65)



2. Inventive: "Of or characterized by invention." (AHD)

2. Invent: "To conceive of or devise first; originate." (AHD)

Synonyms: "create, discover"

"Invent, create, discover are comparable terms frequently confused in the sense of to bring into being something new. Invent ... may stress fabrication of something new through the exercise of the imagination ... or it may stress the fabrication of something new and often useful as a result of study and thought; the word therefore often presupposed labor and ingenuity rather than inspiration ... However, invent often stresses the finding, as well as the bringing into being, of something new or hitherto unknown as the result of mental effort ... Create stresses a causing of something to exist; it not only implies previous nonexistence but it often suggests an evoking of something into being or of, or as if out of, nothing ... Discover ... presupposes both the existence of and a lack of knowledge about something; the term therefore implies the finding of such a thing, often as the result of mental or physical effort (as by exploration, investigation, or experiment) ... thus, in discriminative use one invents processes or ways of doing something, as well as instruments, tools, implements, or machines, but one discovers things which exist but have not yet been known (as lands, stars, or natural laws ... " (MW, 464-65)

Analogous: "initiate, inaugurate, institute, found, establish" (MW, 464)



Ingenious: "1. Marked by inventive skill and imagination. 2. Having or arising from an inventive or cunning mind; clever." (AHD)

Synonyms: "cunning, clever, adroit" (MW, 444)

"2. Clever, adroit, cunning, ingenious are comparable when they mean having or showing a high degree of practical intelligence or of skill in contrivance. Clever often carries an implication of physical dexterity but it usually stresses mental quickness or resourcefulness ... Sometimes it suggests a native aptitude or knack ... Adroit usually suggests greater shrewdness and astuteness than clever and often implies the skillful (sometimes the crafty) use of expedients to attain one's ends in the face of difficulties ... Cunning ... may retain its older implications of learning and expert knowledge and is then chiefly applied to craftsmen or artists whose work exhibits a high degree of constructive or creative skill ... Ingenious stresses inventive power or skill in discovery; sometimes it implies brilliancy of mind, sometimes little more than cleverness ... " (MW, 152)

Analogous: "inventing or inventive, creating or creative, discovering ... : dexterous, handy, deft: skillful, adept, skilled, expert, proficient, masterly" (MW, 444)




" ... the inventive person figures out how to put things together in a new way so that they will work. Inventiveness is a practical kind of creativity. It calls into play analytical qualities of mind, often in the service of a common-sense idea of what is needed" (Hayakawa, pg. 137).

Invent "may stress the fabrication of something new and often useful as a result of study and thought; the word therefore often presupposes labor and ingenuity rather than inspiration" (MW, pg. 464).

"Ingenious refers to inventive skill; invention, to the act or process of originating; inventiveness, to the ability to invent" (FW, pg. 255).

"Ingenuity is inferior to genius, being rather mechanical than creative, and is shown in devising expedients, overcoming difficulties, inventing appliances, adapting means to ends" (FW, pg. 255).

"Invent is a word much larger in scope than the others here [devise, conceive, contrive, formulate]. It includes the whole planning process -- conceiving, devising, and formulating" (Hayakawa, pg. 160).

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1981, c.1969). William Morris, Ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Fernald, James Champlin (1947). Funk and Wagnalls Standard Handbook of Synonyms, Antonyms, and Prepositions. Revised Edition. New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

Hayakawa, S. I. (1987, c1968). Choose the Right Word: A Modern Guide to Synonyms. New York: Perennial Library.

Merriam-Webster (1984). Webster's New Dictionary of Synonyms: A Dictionary of Discriminated Synonyms with Antonyms and Analogous and Contrasted Words. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

James M. Barrie | Charles Baudelaire | L. Frank Baum | "Amory Blaine" | Julius Gaius Caesar | Truman Capote | Jimmy Carter | Dick Cavett | Tom Cruise | Richard Dawkins | Helene Deutsch | "Dick Diver" | Michael Douglas | John Edwards | Erik H. Erikson | William Faulkner | F. Scott Fitzgerald | Michael J. Fox | Henry Clerval/Victor Frankenstein | Rosalind Franklin | "Jay Gatsby" | | Mick Jagger | Julian Jaynes | George A. Kelly | Clare Booth Luce | Madonna | Christopher Marlowe | W. Somerset Maugham | Colin McGinn | Bill Murray | Reinhold Niebuhr | H. Ross Perot | Peter Pan | Rick Pitino | Edgar Allan Poe | Dan Quayle | Pat Sajak | Charlie Sheen | Martin Sheen | Percy Bysshe Shelley | Meryl Streep | Barbra Streisand | Paul Twitchell | Andy Warhol | Edith Wharton | Ludwig Wittgenstein | Tom Wolfe

Inventive Personality Type is derived from Compensatory Narcissistic Personality Disorder.



Summary - Personality Disorders
Copyright © 2012 Dave Kelly

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