|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Inventive Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 252-53)
|self-direction and independence||close relationships||are self-directed and independent||lack of close friends or confidants|
|an interesting, unusual, and eccentric lifestyle; nonconformity||convention; conformity||oblivious to convention; create interesting, unusual, often eccentric lifestyles||odd beliefs or magical thinking|
|things of the occult, extrasensory, or supernatural||the mundane||open to anything; are interested in the occult, the extrasensory, and the supernatural||odd thinking and speech|
|to have their own idiosyncratic feelings and belief system||conventional emotional experience; adopting others' beliefs||are tuned into and sustained by their own feelings and belief systems||suspiciousness or paranoid ideation|
|abstract and speculative thinking||concrete and conventional thinking||are drawn to abstract and speculative thinking||inappropriate or constricted affect|
|positive reactions from others||being the object of others' attention||though they are inner-directed and follow their own hearts and minds, are keen observers of others, particularly sensitive to how other people react to them||excessive social anxiety; ideas of reference|
|behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Idiosyncratic type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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