PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Correspondence of Psychiatric, Keirsey, and Enneagram Typologies Leisurely Type

Solitary Personality Type

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The idealized image of the Solitary personality type describes persons


Definition, Synonyms, Analogous

Definition: 1. a. Existing, living, or going without others; alone ... b. Remote from civilization; secluded; lonely. c. Having no companions; lonesome; lonely." 2. Single, sole (AHD).

Synonyms: alone, lonely, lonesome, lone, forlorn, lorn, desolate; single, sole, unique, lone, separate, particular

Analogous: isolated, secluded, retired, withdrawn: forsaken, deserted, abandoned; alone, only (MW, 755).

Character Strengths and Virtues

Attributes of the idealized self

  1. Solitude, [silence, recollection].
  2. Independence, [non-attachment], self-containment, autonomous competence, creativity.
  3. Sangfroid, even-tempered, calmness, dispassion, imperturbability, detachment; observation, concentration, clarity of vision, being-informed, science.
  4. Stoicism, indifference, self-control, self-restraint, [altruism, self-sacrifice].
  5. Sexual composure, not passionately sexual.
  6. Feet on the ground, responsibility (Oldham, 275-86).

Traits and Behaviors



Excessive attachments to limited goods.

"His idealized image, chiefly, is a glorification of the needs which have developed" (Horney, 1950, pg. 277).

solitude, isolation, autonomy, detachment, being alone, mobility, independence, solitary pursuits, making decisions by oneself, carrying out solo activities, not getting involved, freedom of action, keeping one's distance, sexual pleasure, knowledge, competency, privacy, leisure.


Excessive aversions to limited evils

intimacy, being involved in a group, other people (because they are intrusive), closeness, close relationships, being encumbered by other people, being encumbered by employment, actions by others that represent encroachment, close encounters, having to share decision making, showing feelings, sexual experiences with others, social responsibilities.


(Beck, Freeman & associates, 1990, pg. 362)

  • It doesn't matter what other people think of me.
  • It is important for me to be free and independent of others.
  • I enjoy doing things more by myself than with other people.
  • In many situations, I am better off to be left alone.
  • I am not influenced by others in what I decide to do.
  • Intimate relations with other people are not important to me.
  • I set my own standards and goals for myself.
  • My privacy is much more important to me than closeness to people.
  • What other people think doesn't matter to me.
  • I can manage things on my own without anybody's help.
  • It's better to be alone than to feel "stuck" with other people.
  • I shouldn't confide in others.
  • I can use other people for my own purposes as long as I don't get involved.
  • Relationships are messy and interfere with freedom (362).
  • Relationships are problematic.
  • Life is less complicated without other people.
  • I am empty inside.
  • It is better for me to keep my distance and maintain a low profile.
  • I am a social misfit.
  • Life is bland and unfulfilling.

Ego Defense Mechanisms

Self-glorification requires deception.






Good/Bad Matches





Management Style


Real World


Areas that may need improvement

Other Areas of interest


Schizoid Personality Disorder

Noteworthy Examples

Isaac Asimov, Jacob Bronowski, Charles Darwin, Bobby Fischer, Sigmund Freud, Bill Gates, Stephen Hawking, Alfred Hitchcock, Theodore Kaczynski, David Keirsey, Doris Lessing, Karl Marx, Claudio Naranjo, Isaac Newton, Cyntia Ozick, Ezra Pound, B. F. Skinner, James Watson, Simone Weil.


The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1981, c.1969). William Morris, Ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Aaron T. Beck, Arthur Freeman, and Associates (1990). Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders. New York : Guilford Press.

Aaron T. Beck, Arthur Freeman, Denise D. Davis, (2004). Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders. 2nd. edition. New York: Guilford.

Merriam-Webster (1984). Webster's New Dictionary of Synonyms: A Dictionary of Discriminated Synonyms with Antonyms and Analogous and Contrasted Words. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam.

David Shapiro (1965). Neurotic Styles. New York: Basic Books.

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