PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Brief Theory of Bad Character Solitary Vices

Inventive Character

Irrational Need
(False Good)
Irrational Need to Avoid
(False Bad)
Idealized Image Personality Disorder
Compensatory Narcissistic
to have an image of superiority and high worth an image of inferiority a superior individual of high worth seeks to create an illusion of superiority and to build up an image of high self-worth
social recognition, status, and prestige obscurity, low status, and lack of prestige socially recognized, prestigious, with high status strives for recognition and prestige to compensate for the lack of a feeling of self-worth
outstanding achievement being out-achieved by others out-achieving others may acquire a deprecatory attitude in which the achievements of others are ridiculed and degraded
glory, honors, and fame lack of glory, honors, or fame honored and famous has persistent aspirations for glory and status
praise and approval others' critical judgments and disapproval approved of and praised by others is sensitive to how others react to him or her, watches and listens carefully for critical judgment, and feels slighted by disapproval
to be highly esteemed being shamed or humiliated highly-esteemed is prone to feel shamed and humiliated and especially hyper-anxious and vulnerable to the judgments of others
greatness, perfection, genius, or stardom lack of greatness, perfection, genius, or stardom great, perfect, a genius, or a star entertains fantasies of greatness, constantly striving for perfection, genius, or stardom
a highly valued spouse or partner; to be affirmed and confirmed in relationships lack of a highly valued spouse; not being affirmed and confirmed having a highly valued spouse or partner has a history of searching for an idealized partner and has an intense need for affirmation and confirmation in relationships
to be their idealized self being their actual self perfect frequently entertains a wishful, exaggerated, and unrealistic concept of himself or herself which he or she can't possibly measure up to
success and others' admiration lack of success; not being admired successful and admired produces (too quickly) work not up to the level of his or her abilities because of an overwhelmingly strong need for the immediate gratification of success
to be respected and admired being slighted and not receiving constant admiration respected and admired is touchy, quick to take offense at the slightest provocation, continually anticipating attack and danger, reacting with anger and fantasies of revenge when he or she feels frustrated in his or her need for constant admiration
love and approval from others lack of love and approval receiving much love and approval from others is self-conscious, due to a dependence on approval from others
the attention and admiration of others lack of attention and admiration receiving much attention and the admiration of others seeks to undo feelings of inadequacy by forcing everyone's attention and admiration upon himself or herself
fulfillment of their grandiose expectations lack of fulfillment of their grandiose expectations greatly accomplished may react with self-contempt and depression to the lack of fulfillment of his or her grandiose expectations
to receive praise being criticized highly praised has a tendency to exaggerate and boast


A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Inventive type are based on particular false values.

All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).

If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus


Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness

A Brief Theory of Bad Character



Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.





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