PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes Common False Values Solitary Values



Values of the Inventive Type

 

Why do people do the things they do? What people believe will benefit them, they judge to be good. What they believe will harm them, they judge to be bad. Their beliefs about what is good and bad constrain them to act as they do (Seddon, 2007, pg. 88).

The Stoic doctrine that things not in our power are neither good nor bad can be deduced from a number of other core Stoic beliefs. (see G. Sterling).

  1. Virtue is the only thing genuinely good (see K. Seddon), and vice is the only thing genuinely bad.

  2. The only things in our power are our beliefs and will.

  3. Virtue and vice are types of acts of will.

  4. Ergo, virtue and vice are in our power.

  5. Ergo, things not in our power are neither good nor bad.

A core belief of the Inventive type is the evaluation that social inferiority is bad. Many of the things valued by the type as good are sought as compensation for feelings of inferiority.

The following seem to be the core value beliefs of the Inventive type. These beliefs give primary value to external things, things not 'in our power' (2005, pg. 219). Therefore, they are false judgments of what is good and bad.


  1. An image (reputation) of superiority and high self-worth is good.

    But our image is not in our power. An image of superiority and high self-worth is not good.

  2. Social recognition, prestige, and status are good. Obscurity, lack of prestige, and low status are bad.

    But recognition, prestige, and status are not in our power. They are not good. Neither are obscurity, lack of prestige, and low status in our power. They are not bad. Recognition is to be preferred, but from a Stoic standpoint the desire for recognition and the desire that we continue to receive recognition are evil.

  3. The achievements of others are bad.

    But the achievements of others are not in our power. They are neither good nor bad.

  4. Fame, glory, and honor are good.

    But fame, glory, and honor are not in our power. They are not good.

  5. Image is good or bad.

    But image is not in our power. It is neither good nor bad.

  6. Others' critical judgments and disapproval are bad.

    But critical judgments and disapproval are not in our power. They are not bad.

  7. The self is good or bad.

    But, outside of our moral character, our selves, or personalities, are not in our power. That portion of our personalities is neither good nor bad.

  8. Health is good. Ill health is bad.

    But health and illness are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  9. Experiences are good or bad.

    But our experiences are not in our power. They are neither good nor bad.

  10. Greatness, perfection, genius, brilliance, and stardom are good.

    But greatness, perfection, genius, brilliance, and stardom are not in our power. They are not good.

  11. One's spouse or partner is a good. Affirmation and confirmation in relationships are good.

    But our spouse or partner is not in our power. They are not good. Affirmation and confirmation which we recieve in relationship are not in our power. They are not good.

  12. The idealized self is good; the actual self is bad.

    But idealized self is not in our power. It is not good. The actual self is not good or bad per se; it can be good or bad.

  13. Success and others' admiration are good.

    But success and the admiration we recieve from others are not in our power. They are not good.

  14. Being slighted and not receiving constant admiration are bad.

    But being slighted and not receiving admiration are not in our power. They are not bad.

  15. Approval from others is good.

    But approval is not in our power. It is not good.

  16. The self is alternately good or bad.

    (see 7).

  17. Getting the attention and admiration of others is good.

    But attention and admiration are not in our power. They are not good.

  18. Fulfillment of grand expectations is good. Lack of fulfillment of grand expectations is bad.

    But fulfillment of expectations is not in our power. It is not good. Lack of fulfillment of expectations is not in our power. It is not bad.


What we judge to be good, we desire; and what we judge to be bad we fear, or desire to avoid. What we desire, we pursue; and what we fear, we try to avoid. The repeated pursuit of objects of desire and avoidance of objects of fear form vices of character, or dispositions to make particular false value-judgments. The habitual false value-judgments listed above constitute the vices that I believe lie at the core of Compensatory Narcissistic personality, or character, disorder.

Making proper use of impressions, which is the core of what could be called Epictetus' self-therapy, consists of detecting our false value-judgments/passions and immediately correcting them. This requires an awareness of what is in our power and what is not in our power (Seddon, 2007, pg. 190).


Needs of the Inventive Type



John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love, and Act the Way You Do. Rev. ed. New York: Bantam.

Keith Seddon (2005). Epictetus' Handbook and the Tablet of Cebes: Guides to Stoic Living. New York: Routledge.

_________ (2007).Stoic Serenity: A Practical Course on Finding Inner Peace. United Kingdom: Lulu.com.

_________ (2009). Socrates on Virtue and its Sufficiency for Happiness. International Stoic Forum.

Grant Sterling (2005). "Core Stoicism." International Stoic Forum.





Home - Summary - Correspondence - Pride - Personality Disorders
Search - Comments - Index

http://www.ptypes.com/
Copyright © 1998-2008 Dave Kelly
ptypes@yahoo.com


Creative Commons License
This article by Dave Kelly is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. (See Copyrights for details.)




Google
PTypes
Web


Print this page





Key to the Stoic Philosophy of Epictetus