|PTypes - Personality Types|
|Desire||Desire to Avoid||Idealized Image
(Oldham, pg. 63)
|achievement||lack of achievement||achieving, productive, industrious, diligent, hard working||excessive devotion to work and productivity|
|respect, approval, being beyond reproach, a just reward for rectitude||lack of respect, lack of approval, reproach, lack of a just reward for rectitude||conscientious, scrupulous, upright, just||overconscientious, scrupulous, inflexible|
|interpersonal control, things being done 'right', correctness||lack of interpersonal control, things not being done 'right', incorrectness||responsible, correct, competent||can't delegate responsibility|
|perfect performance||mistakes, errors, flaws||perfect, or trying to be perfect||perfectionism|
|to be right, to be certain||being wrong, being uncertain||persevering, singleminded, imperturbable||rigidity, stubbornness|
|order and organization (rules)||lack of order and organization (rules)||orderly, organized, meticulous||preoccupied with lists, rules, details, order and organization|
|to save money||spending money, poverty||prudent, frugal, cautious||parsimony, miserly spending style|
|to accumulate things||discarding things, being without things||provident, prepared||hoarding worn out or worthless objects|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Conscientious type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
Copyright © 1998-2010 Dave Kelly