PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes Core Vices Basic False Judgments



Common False Values

 

Values of the Types

Conscientious
Sensitive
Vigilant
Dramatic

Aggressive
Idiosyncratic
Inventive
Solitary

Leisurely
Serious
Self-Sacrificing
Devoted

Self-Confident
Adventurous
Mercurial
Exuberant

 

Why do people do the things they do? What people believe will benefit them, they judge to be good. What they believe will harm them, they judge to be bad. Their beliefs about what is good and bad constrain them to act as they do (Seddon, 2007, pg. 88).

The Stoic doctrine that things not in our power are neither good nor bad can be deduced from a number of other core Stoic beliefs. (see G. Sterling).

  1. Virtue is the only thing genuinely good (see K. Seddon), and vice is the only thing genuinely bad.

  2. The only things in our power are our beliefs and will.

  3. Virtue and vice are types of acts of will.

  4. Ergo, virtue and vice are in our power.

  5. Ergo, things not in our power are neither good nor bad.

The following is a list of common value beliefs. These beliefs give primary value to external things, things not 'in our power' (2005, pg. 219). Therefore, they are false judgments of what is good and bad.

Vices manifest themselves as irrational needs.

 

  1. Life is good. Death is bad

    Vice: the need for life, or the need to avoid death.

    But life and death are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  2. Health is good. Sickness is bad.

    Vice: the need for health, or the need to avoid sickness.

    But health and sickness are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  3. Wealth is good. Poverty is bad.

    Vice: the need for wealth, or the need to avoid poverty.

    But wealth and poverty are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  4. Possessions are good. Lack of possessions is bad.

    Vice: the need for possessions, or the need to avoid lack of possessions.

    But possessions are not in our power. They are not good. The lack of possessions is not bad.

  5. Pleasure is good. Pain is bad.

    Vice: the need for pleasure, or the need to avoid pain.

    But pleasure and pain are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  6. Strength is good. Weakness is bad.

    Vice: the need for strength, or the need to avoid weakness.

    But strength and weakness are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  7. Physical beauty is good. Ugliness is bad.

    Vice: the need for beauty, or the need to avoid ugliness.

    But physical beauty and ugliness are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  8. Intelligence is good. Dim-wittedness is bad.

    Vice: the need for intelligence, or the need to avoid dim-wittedness.

    But intelligence and dim-wittedness are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  9. Status is good. Lack of status is bad.

    Vice: the need for status, or the need to avoid lack of status.

    But status and lack of status are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  10. Reputation is good. Low reputation is bad.

    Vice: the need for reputation, or the need to avoid lack of reputation.

    But reputation and low reputation are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  11. Noble birth is good. Ignoble birth is bad.

    Vice: the need for noble birth, or the need to avoid the lack of noble birth.

    But noble birth and ignoble birth are not in our power. They are not good and bad.

  12. Relationships are good. Having few relationships is bad.

    Vice: the need for relationships, or the need to avoid lack of relationships.

    But relationships are not in our power. They are not good and the lack of them is not bad.

  13. Security is good. Lack of security is bad.

    Vice: the need for security, or the need to avoid lack of security.

    But security and lack of security are not in our power. They are not good and bad.


What we judge to be good, we desire; and what we judge to be bad we fear, or desire to avoid. The repeated pursuit of objects of desire or avoidance of objects of fear forms vices of character, or dispositions to make particular false value-judgments. The habitual false value-judgments listed above constitute the vices that I believe lie at the core of character, or personality disorder.

Making proper use of impressions, which is the core of what could be called Epictetus' self-therapy, consists of detecting our false value-judgments/passions and immediately correcting them. This requires an awareness of what is in our power and what is not in our power (2007, pg. 190).



Toward the Core Vices of the Types



Keith Seddon (2005). Epictetus' Handbook and the Tablet of Cebes: Guides to Stoic Living. New York: Routledge.

_________ (2007). Stoic Serenity: A Practical Course on Finding Inner Peace. United Kingdom: Lulu.com.

_________ (2009). Socrates on Virtue and its Sufficiency for Happiness. International Stoic Forum.

Grant Sterling (2005). "Core Stoicism." International Stoic Forum.





Summary - Personality Disorders

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Copyright © 2012 Dave Kelly
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